The study ” Regional development processes of mega-projects” is focusing on describing and analysing the wider economic impacts of selected European cross-border transport mega-projects.
Cost-Benefit Analysis on transport economic impacts has become a standardized process and achieved a strong role in the impact evaluation of large transport projects in EU and in other developed countries. There is a broad consensus that investments in transport infrastructure may have wider economic and societal impacts outside the direct external ones, but the wider effects can only exist if there are significant positive direct effects to households and firms using the transport infrastructure.
This study makes a comparative analysis of selected cross-border transport mega-projects in Europe. How was the impact assessment carried out? What are the contents of the analysis and which methods are applied? For a background we present a framework of the economic impact analysis of transport system and accessibility changes, based on a literature review. The result, a discussion paper, will feed discussion by both planners of the transport systems and stakeholders of the EU-level and national transport policies. The discussion paper aims to support development towards more comprehensive and standardized practice of impact assessment in large transport projects in the EU.
The study is based on comparative analysis of selected mega-projects. The projects are:
1. Öresund Fixed Link connecting Copenhagen (Denmark) with Malmö (Sweden) (in operation since year 2000)
2. Oslo-Stockholm 2:55 project connecting Stockholm (Sweden) with Oslo (Norway) (at planning stage, no implementation decision))
3. Fehmarnbelt tunnel connecting Lolland Island (Denmark) with Fehmarn Island (Germany) (under construction)
4. Brenner Base Tunnel connecting Innsbruck (Austria) with Fortezza (Italia) (under construction)
5. Rail Baltica from Tallinn (Estonia) to Warsaw (Poland) over Latvia and Lithuania (under construction)
6. Helsinki–Tallinn Railway tunnel connecting Helsinki (Finland) with Tallinn (Estonia) and Rail Baltica. (plans and studies done, no implementation decision)