JSC “Transmashholding”, Russia’s largest developer and manufacturer of rolling stock for railway and urban rail transport, was the largest exhibitor of the International Railway Salon 1520 PRO // Dvizhenie.Expo, which was held in New Moscow in Shcherbinka.
The static display featured eight samples of the new rolling stock. Visitors to the salon had the opportunity to get acquainted with the TEM23 shunting diesel locomotive, the 3TE25K2M mainline freight diesel locomotive, the 61-4523 double-deck compartment wagon, the 13-6726 platform wagon for the transportation of large-capacity containers and the 13-6987 platform wagon for the transportation of semi-trailers and large-capacity containers..
In addition, TMH bring to the attention of the expert community and potential passengers a new modification of its most modern electric train – EGE2Tv Ivolga 3.0 and a full-size model of a promising capsule passenger car in T dimension.
Diesel locomotives TEM23 and 3TE25K2M will be presented in a new design, created in accordance with the concept of the “brand DNA” adopted by TMH.
The dynamic exposition will involve two mainline AC freight locomotives 3ES5K “Ermak” of the most modern design, which will demonstrate their work in the “virtual coupling” mode.
International Railway Salon of 1520 space “PRO // Dvizhenie.Expo” – the largest exhibition of equipment and technologies used in rail transport in Russia and the CIS; organized once every two years. Traditionally, in parallel with the exhibition, a scientific and practical conference is held, in which representatives of the community of railway workers and machine builders from different countries take part. In 2021, the exhibition in Shcherbinka celebrates its fiftieth anniversary. TMH has been taking part in the event since 2005.
The equipment of JSC “Transmashholding”,
The 61-4523 double- decker compartment car 61-4523 is the first passenger car in the practice of the Russian transport engineering, executed in the format of a two-car connection. Created by domestic designers, produced at the Tver Carriage Works.
One of the main differences between the new rolling stock and the cars of the previous models is the use of a pneumatic suspension system for the body, which provides the equipment with a smoother ride, less impact on the track infrastructure and, as a result, lower costs for the carrier to pay for infrastructure payments.
When designing new double-deck cars, the service interval has been increased from 3,000 km to 10,000 km, which can significantly reduce the operator’s service costs. The carriages have a system of online monitoring of the technical condition of the main units and systems.
The level of domestic components is over 90%.
The use of the two-car traction format allowed us to revise the approaches to the organization of the internal space. The new dimensions made it possible to create more comfortable conditions for passengers in the cars: the distance to the ceiling on the second floor increased by more than 20 cm, and the passage along the corridor of the second floor also became higher.
The space for the passenger is maximally individualized: each passenger seat is equipped with places for storing personal belongings, individual safes, electrical and USB sockets, lamps. A safety net and handrails are used to exclude the possibility of a passenger falling while sleeping. A total of 99 electrical outlets are installed in each traction car (6 220 V sockets in each compartment, 1 220 V outlet in each washroom) and 128 USB sockets (8 USB sockets in each compartment).
Each carriage is equipped with one children’s compartment, which is distinguished by themed interior design and the presence of a removable playpen, wireless charger and cup holders.
Possibility of purchase air temperature regulation is provided. The air conditioning system contains air disinfection modules capable of inactivating up to 95% of viruses and bacteria (including coronaviruses).
Each carriage is equipped with a shower cabin. Toilet rooms are equipped with light indication of occupancy on the doors, changing tables. Faucets, soap dispensers, electric hand dryers are non-contact. A technologically advanced service area is organized in each link. Water in the water supply system is subjected to constant purification and disinfection.
The embarkation and disembarkation zones are highlighted. Sliding doors with a control button are used between the vestibule and the saloon. Information boards and interactive screens are used to display information about the trip. The cars are equipped with points providing high-speed Internet access via Wi-Fi.
Number of seats – 64. Design speed – 160 km / h.
Model of a capsule car in dimension T
The concept of the interior of a capsule car was developed by the designers of the Russian company TMH Engineering, taking into account domestic and international experience, as well as the opinions of passengers and guides. The production of cars is supposed to be organized at the Tver Carriage Works.
The capsules are fenced off with individual curtains. Each capsule is a berth increased by 15 cm in length compared to the usual dimensions of the shelves in serial cars. The sleeping place is surrounded by an ergonomically shaped backrest in the form of an armchair. The passenger will be able to sit comfortably, use a stationary table with recesses for glasses. On the side surface, between the back and the table top, there are USB sockets and light switches. The curtain rods have built-in contour lighting that creates “atmospheric” lighting, as well as a number of brighter diodes that act as individual light. The passenger can use both options at the same time or each separately.
Another feature of the concept is the variable luggage storage system. The traditional option is under the lower capsule. The carriage has a special compartment for luggage, which, at the option of the customer, can have a variable filling. Inside there can be shelves for suitcases and space for oversized luggage with special fasteners. This area can also accommodate a rest compartment for the conductor or a lounge area for passengers.
The mock-up of the presented concept of a capsule car is made in dimension T (dimension of electric trains). This is a new word in railway technology. It allows you to solve the issues of using the space inside the car, as well as its efficient operation. The car in the T dimension is larger than the cars of the generally accepted 1-VM gauge: the width has been increased by 28 cm, the length – by 73 cm. The length of the passenger compartment has been increased by 290 cm due to the rearrangement of the carriage space. The new size allows to increase the passenger capacity of one carriage by 11% due to the additional passenger compartment. To date, it is planned to change the mileage of TO-1 from the current 3000 km to 25000 km due to the use of low-maintenance nodes. The plant is preparing production for the serial production of cars in the size of T.
To date, the development of the following type of locomotive-hauled cars in the T dimension has been recorded with JSC FPK: non-compartment cars with a traditional layout, compartment cars, compartment staff cars with new interior solutions – a children’s area and a luggage compartment. The serial production of the T-gauge cars is planned for 2023. The car includes 56 individual capsule seats: 28 at the bottom and at the top. Design speed – 160 km / h.
DC electric train EGE2Tv (“Ivolga 3.0”)
“Ivolga 3.0” is an electric train of a new model, the development of the platform of the most modern domestic urban electric trains, created by Russian designers and produced at the Tver Carriage Works.
Ivolga versions 1.0 and 2.0 are already serving the Moscow Central Diameters, a new transport system that has been operating in the metropolitan area since 2019. Ivolga 3.0 has been improved both in terms of improving the quality of passenger services and in terms of applied technical solutions. Compared to the previous modification, the passenger capacity of the train has been increased.
The share of domestic components in the construction of the train exceeds 90%.
The new Ivolga is distinguished by more ergonomic chairs with lumbar and shoulder support, additional USB and Type-C connectors. In total, the 11-car train has 894 USB connectors, 718 – Type-C.
For the base in terms of passenger services, the decisions used in Ivolga 2.0 were adopted. They received a positive rating from 95% of the MCD passengers. Wide entrance doors (1400 mm) provide more comfortable embarkation and disembarkation of passengers. The absence of vestibules guarantees comfort even during rush hours; through passage between cars – even distribution of passengers throughout the entire inner space of the train.
The electric train is equipped with an air conditioning system with the function of air disinfection. Adaptive lighting is applied: the light temperature changes depending on the time of day. The head carriages can accommodate bicycles and install vending machines and coffee machines. Toilet rooms are equipped with touch-sensitive taps, liquid soap dispensers, electric hand dryers, and a changing table. Ivolga 3.0 passenger cabins are equipped with a two-tier design of handrails with a warm coating, hinged handrails, news screens, USB and Tour-C connectors in each seat, and are provided with Wi-Fi Internet access.
Ivolga is maximally adapted for safe and comfortable travel of passengers with limited mobility and passengers with children.
The electric train is equipped with a digital control system, a technical condition diagnostics system (more than 300 parameters are monitored in real time) of all major components and systems. Crash modules are provided on the head and intermediate carriages, which can absorb a shock in the event of a collision with an obstacle, protect passengers and the train crew.
The modern technical solutions used in the construction of the train ensure smooth running of the train, low noise level, rapid acceleration and deceleration of the train (allowing to reduce the travel time).
Ivolga 3.0 certification is scheduled for Q1 2022.
The train can include from 4 to 12 carriages (the main component is 11), it works according to the system of many units (two trains in a coupled, controlled from one cabin). The change in the direction of the train is made in 1-2 minutes.
The design speed is 160 km / h; acceleration up to 1.0 m / s², which is 10% higher than the maximum acceleration of the Ivolga of the previous modification and 30% higher than that of analogues. The number of seats in the head carriage is 35, in the trailed carriage – 72. The passenger capacity of the head carriage is 244 people, the trailed carriage is 324 (maximum population).
Shunting diesel locomotive TEM23
TEM23 is the newest four-axle, two-diesel shunting diesel locomotive of modular design, designed to perform shunting and shunting operations on 1520 mm track gauge railways. The locomotive is equipped with two diesel engines of 309 or 368 kW each, depending on the locomotive version. The locomotive was created by specialists of the Russian company TMH Engineering. The production of diesel locomotives is supposed to be mastered at the Bryansk Machine-Building Plant.
TEM23 is the first diesel locomotive, the design of which was developed in accordance with the concept of “brand DNA” adopted by TMH.
The locomotive consists of two biaxial bogies, a main frame module including electrical and pneumatic assemblies, a pneumatic equipment module, two power plant modules, a refrigerating chamber module, an electrical equipment module, a tower-type driver’s cab module, and an auxiliary equipment module. Each of the functional modules has a complete design and are connected via connectors to the main frame module. If necessary, it is possible to quickly replace the functional module, without leaving the locomotive for a long idle time.
The technical solutions implemented in the construction of the locomotive make it possible to equip it with a remote control system and an “Avtomashinist” system, which makes it possible to control the locomotive without the participation of the driver.
Due to the use of maintenance-free equipment and an asynchronous drive on the TEM23 diesel locomotive, the number of service calls has been reduced by 2.4 times, the volume of each type of service has been reduced by 2 times.
In contrast to the serial diesel locomotive, redundancy of the main equipment is used, such as a diesel generator set, a traction system, and a cooling system. Improved working conditions for locomotive crews.
The diesel locomotive implements control of the operating modes of two power plants with asynchronous power take-off and uniform distribution of diesel engine operating time. Due to the use of modern diesel engines on the TEM23 diesel locomotive, the environmental friendliness has been increased and the noise level of the locomotive has been reduced by 2 times in comparison with serial diesel locomotives.
The locomotive can operate both on one power plant, and on two, depending on the required power. The use of modern diesel engines allows TEM23 to save up to 30% fuel and oil in comparison with serial diesel locomotives.
The design uses two types of engines – an inline six-cylinder (P6) with a capacity of 368 kW each and a V-shaped eight-cylinder (V8) with a capacity of 309 kW each. The power of the locomotive, depending on the type of diesel engine, is 2×309 kW or 2×368 kW.
The design speed of the locomotive is 100 km / h.
Mainline freight diesel locomotive 3TE25K2M
3TE25K2M is a three-section mainline freight diesel locomotive with AC-DC electric transmission with axial traction control. The locomotive was designed by specialists of the Russian company TMH Engineering. Produced at the Bryansk Machine-Building Plant.
The design of the presented locomotive was created in accordance with the TMH concept of “brand DNA”.
The share of domestic components in the construction of the locomotive is 72.4%. The contract for 2021 provides for the supply of 28 diesel locomotives to Russian Railways, 25 of which have already been delivered to the customer.
The locomotive was created in 2017. To date, 80 vehicles have been built; 23 more locomotives are expected to be produced by the end of the year. All diesel locomotives are based at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur depot and are used to drive heavy trains on the Baikal-Amur Mainline.
Diesel locomotive 3TE25K2M provides driving of freight trains weighing up to 7100 tons. It can also be produced in a two-piece design. It is possible to operate in a four-section design with control from one head section.
The locomotive was developed within the framework of the program for the development of cargo transportation on the eastern range of Russian railways – Transsib and the Baikal-Amur Mainline.
During the design, innovative equipment and units were used, which make it possible to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the locomotive in comparison with the railway equipment in operation. The locomotive can be operated at low temperatures and high mountains, and is equipped with its own microprocessor control system. The locomotive is equipped with a compressed air cleaning and drying system. In order to realize the constancy of the power of the diesel engine in the design of the locomotive, the possibility of air intake from the diesel room is provided for the operation of the power plant at negative temperatures.
The driver’s cab meets all modern sanitary, ergonomic and safety standards, provides comfortable conditions for locomotive crews, and is equipped with an autonomous heater.
In comparison with diesel locomotives of the previous series, an increase in service intervals and equipment volumes of fuel and sand is provided.
The transition to the use of diesel locomotives 3TE25K2M allows you to reduce the cost of fuel and lubricants, maintenance and repairs by 30% or more. Lifecycle cost savings are estimated to be 25%.
The diesel locomotive 3TE25K2M with a capacity of 3 × 3100 kW is the most powerful in the 1520 mm track space.
Flat wagon for transportation of large-capacity containers model 13-6726
Car 13-6726 is designed for the carriage of large-capacity containers and tank containers, including for the carriage of dangerous goods of classes 1 – 9 (explosive materials, flammable liquids, etc.). The platform was designed and manufactured at the Transmash plant (Engels).
Due to the reduced tare weight, two loaded 40-foot containers with a gross weight of 36 tons can be transported in the car. The maximum carrying capacity of the flat car is 72 tons. It is permissible to transport on the platform from one to four large-capacity containers or tank containers, depending on the standard size.
The car is manufactured for use in temperate and cold climates (in the air temperature range from -60 to +50 ° C) in the open air with the influence of any atmospheric factors – rain, snow, dust in strong winds. The car is suitable for operation as part of a freight train of any length and weight without restrictions.
The share of domestic components in the design is 99%. Design speed – 120 km / h.
car for transportation of semi-trailers and large-capacity containers model 13-6987 The new flat car model 13-6987 is intended for transportation of semi-trailers in 1-T gauge and large-capacity containers. The platform was designed and manufactured at the Transmash plant (Engels).
The maximum carrying capacity of the 13-6987 flat car is 69 tons. On the platform, it is permissible to move one car semitrailer in the 1-T size, as well as from one to three large-tonnage containers, depending on the standard size. Transportation of semi-trailers is carried out using a removable multi-turn fastening device (basket). The containers are installed on fitting stops located on the car frame. Transportation of tilt, flatbed, etc. semitrailers is allowed. in accordance with the characteristics for semi-trailers specified in the technical specifications for the flat car. The car is suitable without restrictions for operation on the entire network of 1520 mm gauge railways.
The share of domestic components in the design is 99%. Design speed – 120 km / h.
Gas engine-generator 9GMG
The four-stroke 8-cylinder V-type engine of the D49 series is intended for use as a power plant for shunting gas locomotives. Liquefied combustible natural gas is used as fuel. Created at the Kolomna plant.
The cooling system is liquid, forced, double-circuit, allows using the coolant of the hot circuit for heating the fuel gas, thereby reducing the thermal load on the cooling system of the locomotive. The starting system is electric. The engine-generator consists of an engine and a traction unit mounted on a single frame, connected by a plastic coupling. The system for supplying gas fuel to the cylinders using individual valves allows improving the dynamic characteristics of the gas engine, fuel economy of the engine at idle modes by disabling part of the cylinders, and changing the composition of the gas-air mixture at different engine operating modes.
The engine is designed according to the block-modular principle and has a high maintainability. The cylinder block does not come into contact with the coolant and does not corrode. Due to the high rigidity of the crankshaft bearings, it does not require repair of the crankshaft line throughout its entire service life.
The assigned engine life before the first planned bulkhead is 3 years. The assigned resource before overhaul is 12.5 years. The assigned service life before decommissioning is 25 years.
The gas diesel generator is 70% unified in parts and assembly units with a diesel engine, easy to maintain and repair, economical in terms of fuel and oil consumption.
The power of the engine-generator is 897 kW.
At the dynamic exposition in Shcherbinka, it is planned to demonstrate how two electric locomotives operate in a “virtual coupling” – one is controlled via a radio channel from the cabin of the other using the train’s automatic drive system.
The new technology assumes the synchronous movement of two trains at a safe distance of up to 2 km (usually trains run at a distance of 4–5 km from each other) due to the control of the slave locomotive from the head. The exchange of information between locomotives takes place via a digital radio channel. Traffic lights are not needed when using the new system. The technology makes it possible to reduce the passing interval by up to two times – from 10 to 5 minutes and, due to this, allow more trains to pass through.
“Virtual coupling” is demonstrated on the example of electric locomotives 3ES5K “Ermak”.
Mainline freight three-section twelve-axle AC electric locomotive 3ES5K “Ermak” has been produced since 2006.
For the first time in Russia a microprocessor control and diagnostics system was used at Ermak. In comparison with the electric locomotives of the previous generations, the technical and economic indicators have been significantly improved. The modular control cabin meets all modern sanitary, ergonomic and safety standards, provides comfortable working conditions for locomotive crews.
Electric locomotives 3ES5K operate in severe climatic and relief conditions on the East Siberian, Far Eastern and Transbaikal railways. The power of 3ES5K in an hour mode is 9840 kW. The design speed of the electric locomotive is 110 km / h.
At present, all electric locomotives of the Ermak series are manufactured with motor-axial rolling bearings (MOP), which allows reducing maintenance and operating costs by 10%.